Public Expenditure and Service Delivery Survey in Health 2002
Papua New Guinea
Economy of Papua New Guinea had been in a state of recession since the mid-1990s. The fiscal situation had been compromised by large deficits. Pertinent questions about how effectively social spending was translating into the actual delivery of services had been raised.
The Public Expenditure and Service Delivery Survey (PESD) was conducted in February-August 2002 to study resources flow in education and health sectors. The PESD was launched by the World Bank as part of the Bank's analytical work on poverty in Papua New Guinea, in close cooperation with the country's government and the Australian Agency for International Development.
The main focus of the project was on expenditure in education. The health facility survey was not intended to be a full service delivery survey in order to keep the field operations and costs within manageable limits. It was added as a rider to the school survey. Health facilities that could be reached within 20 minutes from the sample schools were covered. Against a sample of 214 schools, the survey covered 117 health facilities. A short instrument collected information on how often the facilities were open, the presence of staff, and the availability of key medicines.
The PESD education sector survey covered 214 schools in 19 districts across 8 provinces (out of 20), with two provinces selected in each of the four main regions.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Health Systems & Financing
Regions: Gulf, National Capital District (NCD), Enga, Eastern Highlands, West Sepik (Sandaun), Morobe, West New Britain and East New Britain.
Unit of Analysis
- Health facilities
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
The World Bank
The Australian Agency for International Development
The National Department of Education, Papua New Guinea
The Department of National Planning and Rural Development, Papua New Guinea
The Australian Agency for International Development
Health facilities that could be reached within 20 minutes from the sample schools were covered. Against a sample of 214 schools, 117 health facilities were selected.
Below is the discription of how the schools sample was selected:
1) Following regions were covered: Gulf, National Capital District (NCD), Enga, Eastern Highlands, West Sepik (Sandaun), Morobe, West New Britain, East New Britain. These provinces cover a wide spectrum both in terms of poverty levels and educational development. They range from the relatively rich (NCD and Gulf with headcounts of 19 and 28%) to the poor Sandaun (headcount of over 60%), from the well-educated (NCD and East New Britain with adult literacy rates of 84 and 74%) to poorly-educated (Enga and Eastern Highlands with adult literacy rates of 26 and 38%), from those with high primary enrolment (NCD and ENB) to those with low enrolment (Enga, Gulf and Sandaun), from those with high grade 1-8 retention rates (NCD with 79%) to those with low retention rates (Eastern Highlands and Sandaun with just above 20%).
2) Three districts were randomly selected within provinces with probability proportional to the number of schools in the district. In two of the provinces, Gulf and West New Britain, that only had two districts, both were selected. Ten schools were then selected randomly within each district. In NCD, which does not have districts but is organized by wards/census enumeration areas, 30 schools were randomly selected.
3) The original sample included 220 schools. Many of the schools in the original sample could not be covered for a variety of reasons. In these cases, replacement schools (randomly selected from the same district) were used. A special effort was made to ensure coverage of remote schools. In particular, some sites were revisited later to cover schools that could not be surveyed during the first attempt due to logistical difficulties. The final sample included 214 schools.
4) The PESD schools were further classified by the level of poverty and remoteness. The level of poverty was measured by the estimated poverty rate for the LLG where the school was located, and the remoteness index was based on a composite measure of distance and travel time from the school to a range of facilities. The PESD sample of schools was well distributed across the remoteness and poverty spectrum.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
National Research Institute, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
Public use file
The use of this survey must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online).
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.