Census of population and housing refers to the entire process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing, and publishing data about the population and the living quarters in a country. It entails the listing and recording of the characteristics of each individual person and each living quarter as of a specified time and within a specified territory. It is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as its demographic, social, economic, and cultural characteristics. These information are vital for making rational plans and programs for national and local development.
In April 2011, a national census of population and housing was conducted in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). It is the 11th census of population to be undertaken in this century since the first census was undertaken in 1920.
The 2011 Census of Population and Housing is designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units in the RMI and to collect information about their characteristics. The census of population is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as information about the demographic, social, economic and cultural characteristics. The census of housing, on the other hand, provides information on the supply of housing units, their structural characteristics and facilities which have bearing on the maintenance of privacy, health and the development of normal family living conditions. These information are vital for making rational plans and programs for social and economic development.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
v1.0: Edited data, for internal use only.
Census of the Republic of the Marshall Islands de jure population.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Economic Policy, Planning and Statistics Office
RMI - National Statistics Office, Office of the President
The actual enumeration for the 2011 CPH will be undertaken by a pool of about 160 Census Enumerators (Enumerators) throughout the country. They will be directly supervised by another group of about 60 supervisors. The SUPERVISORS for the 2011 CPH will be called Census Area Supervisors (CAS). The CAS will directly supervise the Enumerators. Each of them is assigned to supervise between 3 and 5 Enumerators. The CAS will be assigned to an atoll/island. However, for big atolls like Ailinglaplap, Jaluit, Arno, Kwajalein and Majuro, there may be 2 or more CAS assigned each is responsible for the census operations in a specified part of the atoll.
Each CAS is assigned to an area of responsibility; they are responsible for the successful conduct of the census in this area. Thus, each CAS is responsible for the complete and accurate coverage of the enumeration areas covered by the 3 or so Enumerators whom each CAS will directly supervise in the assigned area. The CAS, serve as a link between the Enumerators and the EPPSO. Each CAS' respective areas of assignment, they must make sure that the following are obtained:
a) complete and accurate listing of households, buildings with housing units and institutional living quarters;
b) a complete and accurate enumeration of all individuals found in housing units and institutional living quarters; and
c) a complete and accurate enumeration of all buildings, housing units, and households and their characteristics.
CERTIFICATE OF APPOINTMENT
Under the Certificate of Appointment the person who fulfills the knowledge, skills and requirements of a CAS, will be designated as an official CAS for the 2011 RMI CPH. This designation authorizes a CAS to act as a representative of EPPSO in the area to which they are assigned, that is, it mandates each CAS to direct and supervise the census operations in the designated area. Each CAS will be issued an identification card duly signed by the Census Commissioner and the Chief Secretary as an evidence of such authority. Each CAS should always carry the identification card and should be prepared to show it especially to a respondent seeking to verify identity and authority.
BASIC RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CAS
Each CAS is responsible for the successful and timely completion of the census operations in the area where they are assigned. Following the principle of command responsibility, you are answerable for the inefficiencies and wrong doings of the people you supervise. To be effective, each CAS must be a leader and be capable of propelling your Enumerators to work for the attainment of the goals of the census. Each CAS must be ready to assist them in the performance of their duties. Each CAS' Enumerators should be able to rely on their respective CAS for the solution of the day-to-day problems of their work. Each CAS basic duties and responsibilities are listed below. In addition, each CAS is expected to perform such other duties as may be assigned by the EPPSO in connection with census work:
a. to coordinate with local government agencies and executives regarding the efficient conduct of the census;
b. to conduct a publicity and educational campaign through any media available in your area;
c. to establish headquarters suitable for keeping census materials and holding office for the duration of the Enumerators;
d. to collect, allocate and be responsible for all the census forms and materials needed for the enumeration of your area.
a. to direct and supervise the overall conduct of the census in your assigned area;
b. to check the quality of work of Enumerators through field inspection and spot checking of their work;
c. to check the completeness of area coverage, i.e., complete enumeration of households in the EA;
d. to scrutinize the accomplished questionnaires for completeness of entries and to return to the Enumerators incomplete ones;
e. to guide and assist the Enumerators in the resolution of problems encountered by them;
f. to ensure that all Enumerators have all the necessary forms and supplies at all times; if they are short of such materials, it is your duty as CAS to inform the EPPSO and secure additional forms;
g. to endorse/recommend to the EPPSO the replacement of Enumerators who are unable to perform their work satisfactorily or for some other reasons;
h. to interview households which cannot be penetrated by the Enumerators and to arrange collection of CPH Form 3 from institutions with more than 10 members;
i. to render reports to the Census Commissioner regarding the progress of work in your assigned area.
3. Post Enumeration
a. to issue certificates of completion and clearance to Enumerators after they have submitted and complied with all requirements;
b. to certify the correctness of financial claims by your Enumerators and recommend payment thereof;
c. to transmit to the EPPSO prescribed period all the accomplished questionnaires of your area; and
d. to perform such other duties as may be assigned by the EPPSO in connection with census work.
Economic Policy, Planning and Statistics Office
Office of the RMI President
Data editing for the 2011 RMI Census used four phases of editing. The first phase of the data editing was the control phase which control clerks checked for completeness of the questionnaire. During this phase, items were verified by contacting the respondents either by phone or by home visit. The countries took advantage of enumerators still on the field to complete any missing information especially those pertaining to the head of the household, education and fertility questions. The second phase of data editing was completed during data entry on items that had responses in places where no responses was expected and vice versa. Any information that was missing or incomplete in the questionnaire was substituted with a special code and keyed into the computer. Other than corrections to age, sex to name association and skip patterns no other information was edited during this phase. The third phase utilized a standardized editing method called dynamic imputation. The method imputes missing or invalid items in the questionnaire with a person in the same geographical region that displays similar characteristics. The method used an approach called top-down to prevent circular and over editing of data. The forth phase was more of a quality control issue and refinements to the data edits. This was normally done with the production of tables and the interaction of subject matter specialist.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Technical assistance - Data processing
Date of Production
Version 01 (July 2012). This is the first documentation of the 2011 Republic of the Marshall Islands Census