The primary objective of the Census is to determine the official count of the number of persons and households in Kiribati in 2005 and can be used to compare their socio-economic characteristics with those 5 years ago collected in the 2000 Population Census. Results of the census are most useful for government of Kiribati for planning and policy formulation and thus have a direct impact on the Kiribati population.
The Population Census for 2005 is one of the requirements of the NSO and has been stipulated as one of the key development areas in the National Development Strategy (NDS) 2004-2007 report.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Version 01: Cleaned, labelled and de-identified version of the Master file.
Unit of Analysis
Households and Individuals.
De facto count: only those present in the country at the time of the census enumeration were counted and interviewed.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Kiribati National Statistics Office
Government of Kiribati
Government of Kiribati
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Forty six supervisors were recruited a month prior to their training, these recruitments were to follow criteria established by the Census Commissioner, however, they were recruited according to the procedures established by local island councils. For this census, the Commissioner had raised the minimum required academic level for supervisors to at least a form 5 school leaver.
The supervisors’ roles were to be responsible for all aspects of the census collection on their respective islands.
-Training of supervisors:
Supervisors from the outer islands were invited for a one week of training program to enhance their capabilities to conduct the census on their respective islands. Ad hoc training included the overall management of the resources and field work including some practical applications.
Type of Research Instrument
The questionnaire, published in English, is divided into 2 forms:
-Personal Questionnaire. It collects information on: Individual characteristics, education, health issues, fertility, economic activity.
-Household Questionnaire. It collected information on: Household characteristics, livestocks, capital goods owned, energy, fishing involvement, sanitation, waste management, cash inflow, environmental issues.
The Questionnaire design is to determine the contents of the Questionnaire that will capture as much of relevant information as possible. The priority; however was to ensure all questions included were in a simple and understandable format. As part of designing the questionnaire, a workshop was convened on 11th February 2005 to invite the Census users to comment. These users were a combination of technical personnel in the various government ministries as well as nongovernment organization representatives.
There was a significant amount of input to the questionnaire at this workshop. There were a number of suggestions, ranging from the addition, deletion and alterations of existing questions. The National Statistics Office (NSO) however, was not able to accommodate the needs of all users in the Census questionnaire. The questionnaire was revised and processed. The initial questionnaire was based on the previous census (2000). At the end of the workshop, the common understanding of all the stakeholders was that the design was best left to be formatted by the Statistics officials and passed on for review, before the Pilot Census was undertaken. In the process, a draft was prepared and presented to the Director of Planning & Statistics to review and copied to the participant with a deadline for the final views to be incorporated. Other parties that received a copy of the questionnaire for reviewing included the Secretariat of the South Pacific (SPC). An Asian Ddevelopment Bank (ADB) representative also showed their interest in having a copy of the draft questionnaire which they were provided. Most reviews were received in written and verbal form and then edits were adjusted. This confirmed a final draft of the questionnaire.
Not all comments were acceptable for the questionnaire in the view of the NSO. The questionnaire however, was prepared and finalized using the best of knowledge of the NSO about what information needed to be collected, while maintaining consistency with previous censuses. The final review of the questionnaire was made after the pilot testing.
National Statistics Office
Government of Kiribati
Software used was CSPro.
The data was primarily captured using MS Access in order to permit an early release of the preliminary figures. At this stage, elimination of the double counts was also conducted.
Assistance was provided from SPC throughout the second data processing stage. CSPro version 2.5 initially was utilized to set up the data processing capture system by the census commissioner. Subsequently, the Pacific Community (SPC) Techinal Assistance (TA) was requested to fine-tune the system.
The Census data is protected under the Statistics Act 96 in the Kiribati constitution.
"National Statistics Office of Kiribati, Population and Housing Census 2005 (PHC 2005), Version 01 of the licensed dataset (April 2015), provided by the Pacific Microdata Library. http://pdl.spc.int/index.php/home"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.