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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Population Dynamics Program Research
Title Trends in fertility and mortality in Fiji based on the 1986 census.
Volume 102
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1989
Page numbers 14
URL http://www.popline.org/node/362620
Statistical analysis of fertility and mortality rates are presented for the 2 major ethnic groups in Fiji, Fijians and Indians. Since Fiji censuses did not collect direct death data, indirect methods were used to make estimates and the results were compared to (less reliable) data from the Ministry of Health and Vital Registration. Infant and child mortality rates were obtained by applying the Brass, Trussell and Feeney methods to child survivorship data, showing a substantial decline in infant mortality rates in Fiji between 1966 and 1986, with slightly higher rates of mortality among Indians. Adult mortality rates were estimated using data on survivorship of fathers and mothers by age of respondents and were found to have been continuously declining. Male adulthood mortality found to be substantially higher among Indians. Life tables were constructed using Brass's method of linkage of child survivorship probabilities with conditional adult survivorship probabilities. Life expectancies at birth improved significantly between 1976 and 1986. Life expectancies are somewhat higher for Fijians than for Indians, much more so for males than for females. Fertility rates were calculated using direct methods: The Indian crude birth rate declined consistently from 1966 to 1986, but the pace of decline among Fijians slowed. Age-specific and total fertility rates were estimated for 15 years preceding the census with Own-Children technique, and showed differences between Fijians and Indians in both overall patterns of fertility from 1966 to 1986 and age-specific fertility rates.

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