The 2001 census enumerated both de-facto and de-jure populations. It was intended that all information would be collected during an enumeration period of one week, the week from 11th October 2001. Census night for individual households was the night of 11 October 2001. Given the transport difficulties between Apia and Tokelau, and within Tokelau, and in order to restrict the enumeration period to less than one week, 9 interviewers were involved.
It is also obvious that in the conduct of a statistical operation as large and complex as a national census (even for Tokelau), it is inevitable that errors will occur due to questions being misunderstood, replies being incorrect or misinterpreted, etc. In fact, errors could have been introduced at all stages of the census, from planning, field operation stage, non-responses, non-call back to check on households that were missed during the actual enumeration and the training of enumerators (i.e. misunderstanding on the part of enumerators). Also errors could have been introduced at the data processing stage (editing, coding and data entry). In designing and carrying out the field procedures, including training procedures, efforts were made to reduce the effects of such errors on the results. However, it is clear that several errors still occurred.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Version 01: Cleaned, labelled and de-identified version of the Master file.
Final edits were made by Tokelau in March 2019 during a workshop at Pacific Community (SPC) in Noumea, New Caledonia.
National coverage: 3 atolls covered.
Unit of Analysis
Households and Individuals.
The 2001 census enumerated both de-facto and de-jure populations.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Tokelau National Statistics Office
Office for Tokelau Affairs
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
There were two census trainers / supervisors.
The enumerators work was supervised and checked by the trainers/supervisors in the field as well as when completed questionnaires were returned. If questionnaires were found to contain errors, the concerned enumerator was asked to re-visit dwelling and correct data recording errors or check inconsistencies in responses.
Type of Research Instrument
The questionnaire from the Tokelau 2001 census, which was published in English, remained mainly similar to the previous census questionnaire of 1996. An important difference was the inclusion of Tokelau Public Servants (and their families/relatives) living and working in Apia, Samoa. This was reflected in the questionnaire.
The questionnaire is divided into 2 main sections:
- Dwelling: collects information on household characteristics, sanitation, water access, energy, waste disposal, household durables, remittances.
- Individual: collects information on individual characteristics, religion, ethnicity, education, economic activities, fertility.
Tokelau National Statistics Office
Office of Tokelau Affairs
Data processing was done using census and survey processing software called CSPro.
Corrections were made by visual control of the questionnaire.
"Tokelau National Statistics Office, Population and Housing Census 2001 (PHC 2001), Version 01 of the licensed datasets (March 2019) provided by the Pacific Microdata Library. http://pdl.spc.int/index.php/home"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.